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Neuroleptics, also known as antipsychotic medications, are a class of drugs primarily utilized to treat various mental health disorders, particularly schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. They function by influencing the neurotransmitter system in the brain, with a primary focus on dopamine receptors. The raw materials for these medications undergo rigorous quality control to ensure their efficacy and safety. These drugs prove effective in alleviating symptoms commonly associated with psychotic disorders, such as hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking, and agitation. Additionally, neuroleptics find application in treating conditions like severe anxiety, Tourette's syndrome, and certain forms of depression. There are two main types of neuroleptics: typical (first-generation) and atypical (second-generation) antipsychotics. Typical antipsychotics, including haloperidol and chlorpromazine, predominantly block dopamine receptors, particularly the D2 receptors. While effectively reducing the positive symptoms of psychosis, they may lead to significant side effects like extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS). In contrast, atypical antipsychotics, such as risperidone, olanzapine, and quetiapine, not only target dopamine receptors but also affect other neurotransmitters like serotonin. With a broader range of action, they address both positive and negative symptoms of psychosis. Atypical antipsychotics are generally associated with a lower risk of EPS but may induce side effects such as weight gain, metabolic changes, and an increased risk of diabetes. Prescribed typically by psychiatrists or healthcare professionals, neuroleptics undergo careful consideration of the patient's symptoms, medical history, and individual needs. Dosages are adjusted based on the individual's response to the medication and may vary depending on the specific drug and the condition being treated. It's crucial to acknowledge that neuroleptics can have significant side effects, necessitating close monitoring by a healthcare professional during treatment. Regular follow-up appointments are scheduled to assess medication effectiveness and manage potential side effects or complications. In summary, neuroleptics, or antipsychotic medications, are crucial in treating psychotic disorders by addressing neurotransmitter imbalances, and their use involves careful monitoring and consideration of potential side effects.