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Chemical compounds known as hydroxides are made up of the hydroxide ion (OH-) bound to a metal cation. These are a crucial class of chemical compounds that are employed in many different industrial processes as well as daily applications. Here are a few hydroxide characteristics and examples:NaOH, or sodium hydroxide: Sodium hydroxide, also referred to as lye or caustic soda, is a powerful base. Paper, textiles, and detergents are all made with it. Because of its capacity to dissolve fats and proteins, sodium hydroxide is also an essential component in the production of soap and drain cleaners.KOH, or potassium hydroxide: Potassium hydroxide is a strong base, just like sodium hydroxide. It is employed as a catalyst in the synthesis of biodiesel. Alkaline batteries and alkaline fuel cells both use potassium hydroxide as an electrolyte. Ca(OH)2 (calcium hydroxide): Calcium hydroxide, sometimes referred to as slaked lime, is a white powder that is soluble in very little water. It is employed as a pH regulator in water treatment, in the tanning industry, and in the production of ammonia. Because of its antimicrobial qualities, calcium hydroxide is employed in root canal therapy in dentistry.Mg(OH)2, or magnesium hydroxide: White solid magnesium hydroxide is soluble in very little water. It is taken as an antacid to reduce indigestion and balance stomach acid. Magnesium hydroxide is used in the environment to neutralize acidic wastewaters, like those from mining operations. Al(OH)3 or aluminum hydroxide: The white powder known as aluminum hydroxide is amorphous. It is frequently used as an antacid for stomach ulcers, indigestion, and heartburn. Aluminum hydroxide is a precursor used in the Bayer process to extract aluminum from bauxite ore in order to produce aluminum metal.Because hydroxides often have basic characteristics, they can neutralize acids to produce water and salts. Their propensity to react with fats and oils gives them a slippery or soapy sensation. Furthermore, the fact that a large number of hydroxides are either insoluble in water or just weakly soluble in it has an impact on their uses and applications across a range of industries.