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Antitussives are drugs used to reduce or stop coughing. When there is no mucus or phlegm being coughed up, they are frequently used to treat nonproductive coughs. One of the most traditional and potent antitussives is codeine. It lessens the cough reflex by working on the brain. Codeine is a regulated substance because of the possibility of abuse and addiction, even with its usefulness. It is frequently taken in conjunction with other drugs, such as acetaminophen, to alleviate cough and pain. DM, or dextromethorphan An antitussive that is non-narcotic and commonly found in over-the-counter cough remedies is dextromethorphan. It suppresses the cough reflex by acting on the central nervous system. When taken as prescribed, DM is usually regarded as safe; nonetheless, large dosages of the drug may cause hallucinations. It is frequently present in cough syrups and cold remedies. Benzonatate Another antitussive that lessens the urge to cough is benzonatate, which acts by numbing the lungs and throat. It is available as capsules and is usually used for extremely bothersome and persistent coughs. It is recommended that patients consume the pills whole in order to prevent oral numbness. Guaifenesin Although guaifenesin is well known as an expectorant, it also possesses some modest antitussive qualities. It facilitates mucus thinning and loosening in the airways, facilitating coughing. Cough and congestion can both be relieved by guaifenesin when used with other antitussives. Diphenhydromanil Diphenhydramine is a sedative antihistamine that is frequently used to treat coughing during the night. It functions by preventing the body's natural production of histamine, which can cause coughing. It is frequently utilized in nocturnal cough and cold formulations because of its sedative properties. In summary Antitussives are useful in the treatment of cough symptoms, especially in cases where the cough is dry and unproductive. They are available in a number of forms, such as syrups, tablets, and capsules. They are frequently taken in combination with other medications to treat a variety of symptoms, such as pain or congestion. Antitussives must, however, be used exactly as prescribed because misuse or overuse can have negative consequences. Before beginning any new medicine, always get medical advice, especially if you have underlying medical issues or are already on medication.