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Contrary to its name, ringworm is not at all caused by worms. It is a common fungal infection of the skin that looks like a ring and is characterized by a red, circular rash. The scalp, feet (athlete's foot), groin area (jock itch), and other skin areas are among the body parts affected by this infection. Reasons The dermatophytes are a type of fungi that cause ringworm. Because these fungi favor warm, humid conditions, public showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools are popular areas where people get infected. The fungus can also spread through direct contact with contaminated surfaces or infected individuals. Signs and symptoms A red, scaly, circular rash with raised edges that may itch or sting is the typical sign of ringworm. Usually beginning as a little lump, the rash eventually spreads outward to take on the distinctive ring shape. Additional symptoms may include the following, depending on where the infection is located: Scalp: Scaling, bald spots, itching, and hair loss Foot: Burning, peeling, and cracking skin, especially in the space between the toes Groin: An itchy, red rash that is usually more common in men Handling Even while ringworm is unattractive and painful, it is typically not a serious condition and is treatable. For minor cases, over-the-counter antifungal creams, lotions, or powders are usually adequate. Usually, clotrimazole, miconazole, terbinafine, or ketoconazole are found in these drugs. Stronger oral solutions or pills with antifungal properties may be prescribed by a physician for more serious or ongoing cases. Even if your symptoms become better, you still need to take your medication as directed in order to completely eradicate the fungus. Apart from taking medication, people can take the following actions to stop the ringworm from spreading and to speed up their recovery: Keep the affected area dry and clean. Since fungi like to develop in damp environments, keeping the region dry will help prevent their proliferation. Refrain from sharing private items: Hairbrushes, clothes, and towels are a few examples of items that might harbor the fungus and spread the infection. To stop the fungus from spreading to other parts of the body or to other people, wash your hands carefully, especially after touching contaminated areas. It is advised to consult a doctor if the infection worsens or does not get better with over-the-counter remedies. Dermatologists are qualified to diagnose ringworm infections accurately and to suggest the best course of action based on the unique characteristics of each case and its location. Prompt intervention can mitigate symptoms and stop the fungus from spreading to other people.