Get Enquiry

Multiple Myeloma

Application Details :

A kind of cancer called multiple myeloma attacks the bone marrow's plasma cells, which are a subset of white blood cells. Because they generate antibodies that aid in the body's defense against infections, these plasma cells are essential to the immune system. But when these cells proliferate uncontrollably and get malignant, they can displace healthy blood cells in the bone marrow, which can result in a number of issues. Signs: Bone Pain: This is one of the most prevalent complaints, particularly in the hips, back, and skull. This ache may not go away and may perhaps get worse with time. Weakness and Fatigue: Patients with anemia, or low red blood cell counts, frequently experience these symptoms. Frequently Infections: Patients are more vulnerable to infections because of the weakened immune system. complications with the kidneys: Abnormal proteins produced by myeloma cells have the potential to harm the kidneys and cause renal complications. Diagnosis: Blood tests: Increased blood levels of specific proteins, like immunoglobulins, may be a sign of myeloma. Bone Marrow Biopsy: To look for aberrant plasma cells, a sample of bone marrow is obtained. Imaging tests: Bone lesions or fractures can be found with X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans. Treatment: Chemotherapy: Using medications to either kill cancer cells or inhibit their growth, this is frequently the primary form of treatment. Steroids: Anti-inflammatory and myeloma cell-killing medications such as prednisone are available. Immunomodulatory drugs: These medications assist the body's defense against cancer, such as thalidomide, lenalidomide, and pomalidomide. Targeted therapy: Medication that targets particular pathways in cancer cells, such as proteasome inhibitors (carfilzomib, brentezomib). Stem cell transplantation is the process of replacing damaged bone marrow within the body with healthy stem cells. Prognosis: The prognosis varies greatly based on age, general health, and diagnosis stage. Even though multiple myeloma is usually thought to be incurable, there are medications that can help prolong the disease's course. Results are getting better because to research into novel medications including targeted and immunotherapies. In conclusion, a multidisciplinary approach to treatment is necessary for multiple myeloma because it is a complicated and difficult malignancy. Research has led to better solutions, giving patients with this ailment hope for better results and a higher quality of life. A thorough treatment plan and early identification are essential for the successful management of multiple myeloma.