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Diarrhea is a common digestive disorder characterized by frequent loose or watery feces. Infections, viruses, germs, parasites, medicines, or nutritional disorders are frequently to blame. While it is normally not severe and may resolve on its own, if not treated properly, it can lead to dehydration. Diarrhea symptoms include stomach cramps, frequent bowel movements, loose or watery stools, nausea, vomiting, and, in some cases, fever. It can be acute (short-term) or chronic (lasts for weeks or more). The majority of diarrhea cases are caused by viral diseases such as norovirus or rotavirus, which spread quickly through contaminated food, water, or surfaces. Bacterial infections, such as E. coli or salmonella, are also prevalent causes of illness and are typically transmitted through contaminated food or drink. Antibiotics can disturb the natural balance of intestinal bacteria in some circumstances, resulting in diarrhea as a side effect. Diarrhea treatment frequently focuses on symptom management and dehydration prevention. Drinking enough of fluids such as water, broth, or electrolyte solutions helps replenish lost fluids and electrolytes. Certain meals, such as dairy, fatty foods, and high-fiber foods, can help alleviate discomfort. Over-the-counter drugs such as loperamide (Imodium) may help lessen the frequency of diarrhea, but they are not appropriate for everyone, especially if an infection is present. When diarrhea is caused by an illness, doctors may prescribe antibiotics or antiparasitic drugs. However, it is critical to finish the entire term of medication and attentively follow the doctor's directions. Most healthy people recover from diarrhea within a few days. Certain individuals, however, such as babies, the elderly, or those with compromised immune systems, are more sensitive to problems such as severe dehydration and should seek medical assistance immediately if experiencing chronic diarrhea. To prevent diarrhea, practice proper hygiene, such as routinely washing hands, especially before preparing or eating meals and after using the restroom. Cooking meat properly, drinking clean water, and avoiding raw or undercooked foods all lower the chance of acquiring diarrheal illnesses. While diarrhea is unpleasant and inconvenient, most instances may be efficiently controlled with adequate water and, if necessary, medical therapy to address the underlying cause.