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Antirheumatic Drugs

Application Details :

Rheumatic disorders, or ailments affecting the joints, muscles, and bones, are treated with a wide range of pharmaceuticals known as antirheumatic drugs. These medications try to improve general function, lessen pain and inflammation, and shield joints from harm. Key antirheumatic medication kinds include the following: Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs): NSAIDs are frequently prescribed for the treatment of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis in order to relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Ibuprofen, naproxen, and diclofenac are a few examples. Even if it works well, continued usage can cause kidney issues and stomach ulcers. DMARDs, or disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, are an essential family of drugs used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune types of arthritis. They function by focusing on the immune system in an effort to lessen joint injury and inflammation. One common DMARD that is frequently used as a first line of treatment is methotrexate. Leflunomide, hydroxychloroquine, and sulfasalazine are a few more examples. A subclass of DMARDs known as biologic response modifiers (Biologics) are produced from live cells. They concentrate on particular immune system elements that contribute to the inflammatory process. When standard DMARDs have failed, biologics are frequently employed. Etanercept, adalimumab, infliximab, and rituximab are a few examples. The most common ways to deliver these drugs are intravenously or via injection. Corticosteroids: Strong anti-inflammatory medications, such as prednisone, are used to rapidly lessen pain and inflammation in rheumatic illnesses. They can be injected topically, consumed orally, or used topically. However, they are often administered at modest doses and for brief periods of time due to their side effects, which include weight gain, infection risk rise, and bone loss. Janus Kinase (JAK) Inhibitors: A more recent family of drugs called JAK inhibitors targets particular enzymes that are involved in the inflammatory process. Rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disorders are treated with them. Baricitinib and tofacitinib are two examples. When alternative therapies have not produced enough alleviation, these medications, which are taken orally, are frequently employed. In order to determine the best and safest course of therapy, patients should collaborate closely with their healthcare professionals. This is because the selection of antirheumatic medications is influenced by various aspects, including the nature of the disease, its severity, and the patient's unique health needs.