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A class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs, is mostly prescribed to treat anxiety disorders, depression, and other mental health issues. They function by raising serotonin levels in the brain, a neurotransmitter that is essential for controlling mood, feelings, and behavior. Mechanism of Action: SSRIs function by preventing serotonin from being reabsorbed, or taken up, by the brain. Normally, a serotonin molecule returns to its original nerve cell after transmitting a neurological impulse. Serotonin is able to stay in the synaptic cleft between nerve cells for a longer period of time because SSRIs inhibit this reuptake. Serotonin's prolonged presence improves neurotransmission and elevates mood. Indications: Major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are among the mental health conditions for which SSRIs are frequently recommended. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), bulimia nervosa, and some kinds of neuropathic pain can also be treated with them. Typical SSRIs: Among the SSRIs that are most frequently used are: Prozac, or fluoxetine Zoloft, or sertraline The drug paroxetine (Paxil)Lexapro (escitalopram) Citalopram, also known as Celexa Fluvoxamine, also known as Luvox Vilazodone (Vibram) adverse Effects: SSRIs can have adverse effects, however they are usually regarded as safe and effective. These side effects can include: emesis Tiredness or sleeplessness Sexual dysfunction (difficulty attaining an orgasm, erectile dysfunction, or diminished libido) Gaining or losing weight Headache mouth dryness Constipation or diarrhea Perspiration Shivers Retraction: When SSRIs are stopped suddenly, withdrawal symptoms like headaches, nausea, irritability, and flu-like symptoms can occur. To reduce these side effects, it's crucial to take off these medications gradually while under medical supervision. Warnings: Because SSRIs raise the risk of suicidal thoughts and actions, it is not advised to use them in children or teenagers unless they are under strict supervision. Pregnant women should also use SSRIs with caution since some have been linked to an increased risk of specific birth abnormalities. Efficacy: Because of their potency, SSRIs are regarded as one of the first-line therapies for anxiety and depression. Individual responses to SSRIs can differ, though, and it could take a few weeks to experience the full therapeutic benefit. For some patients, figuring out the best course of action may require experimenting with multiple SSRIs and dosage modifications.