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Quinolines are a class of organic compounds characterized by a bicyclic structure composed of a benzene ring fused to a pyridine ring. This unique arrangement imparts diverse chemical and biological properties to quinolines, rendering them significant in various fields. These compounds are found in a multitude of natural products, including alkaloids, and exhibit a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities. In medicinal chemistry, quinolines play a vital role as they serve as the structural basis for several drugs with therapeutic applications. Notably, chloroquine and quinine, both derived from quinoline, have historically been essential in treating malaria. Additionally, quinoline derivatives are studied for their anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and anticancer properties. Quinolines are also pivotal in the realm of materials science. Their versatile chemical structure makes them valuable precursors for the synthesis of complex organic molecules and polymers. Moreover, quinoline-based compounds find application in the development of fluorescent dyes and sensors, contributing to advancements in imaging and analytical techniques. Overall, the significance of quinolines spans across medicinal chemistry, natural product research, and materials science, showcasing their adaptability and impact in diverse scientific disciplines.