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A common type of pharmaceuticals used to treat pain, reduce inflammation, and lower fevers are nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs. They function by preventing the cyclooxygenases (COX) enzymes from producing prostaglandins, which are bodily substances that increase fever, discomfort, and inflammation. An overview of NSAID kinds, applications, and possible adverse effects is provided below: NSAID types: Ibuprofen: This well known NSAID is frequently used to treat mild to moderate pain, including arthritis, headaches, toothaches, cramps during menstruation, and muscular pains. It is offered in different strengths and formulations for over the counter (OTC) use.Naproxen: Another popular NSAID that may be purchased over the counter or with a prescription, naproxen is frequently used to relieve pain, stiffness, and inflammation brought on by illnesses including bursitis, tendonitis, and arthritis. Aspirin: Aspirin is categorized as an NSAID even though it is mostly used as a fever reducer and pain reliever. In addition to its antiplatelet qualities, which help prevent heart attacks and strokes, it is frequently used for ailments including arthritis. Diclofenac: This nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drug comes in gel, cream, and pill forms. It is used to relieve inflammation, edema, and discomfort brought on by arthritis and other illnesses. Celecoxib: A selective COX 2 inhibitor, celecoxib differs from other NSAIDs. It is recommended for acute discomfort, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis .NSAID uses: Pain Relief: From minor headaches to severe arthritis, NSAIDs are useful in relieving pain brought on by a variety of illnesses. Reduction of Inflammation: These medications are frequently used to reduce inflammation brought on by illnesses such bursitis, tendinitis, and arthritis. Fever Reduction: Adult and pediatric fevers can be lowered using NSAIDs such as aspirin and ibuprofen. Adverse Reactions: Gastrointestinal Problems: NSAIDs have the potential to cause bleeding or ulcers by irritating the stomach lining. Kidney Damage: High dosages or prolonged usage of NSAIDs can cause renal damage. Cardiovascular Risks: Long term usage of some NSAIDs may raise the risk of stroke and heart attack.Rarely, serious allergic responses such as breathing difficulties, edema, or hives can be brought on by NSAIDs. It's critical to use NSAIDs sensibly, to adhere to dosage recommendations, and to see a doctor if you have any questions or notice significant side effects.