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Musculoskeletal System Drug Stubs

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NSAIDs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs,NSAIDs are frequently used to treat musculoskeletal disorders such bursitis, tendinitis, and arthritis in order to reduce pain and inflammation. Aspirin, naproxen, and ibuprofen are a few examples. They function by inhibiting cyclooxygenases (COX) enzymes, which lowers the synthesis of prostaglandins, which cause inflammation and pain. Increased risk of cardiovascular events, kidney problems, and gastrointestinal disorders such as stomach ulcers are possible side effects.Corticosteroids Strong anti-inflammatory medications called corticosteroids are prescribed to treat a range of musculoskeletal diseases, such as tendinitis, lupus, and rheumatoid arthritis. These medications replicate the actions of the adrenal gland-produced hormone cortisol. They function by lowering inflammation and inhibiting the immune system. Prednisone, prednisolone, and dexamethasone are common corticosteroids. Long-term use may result in side effects such as mood swings, weight gain, an increased risk of infections, and osteoporosis.Antirheumatic medications that modify disease (DMARDs) A class of medications known as DMARDs is mostly prescribed to treat rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases that impact the musculoskeletal system. They lower inflammation and delay the course of the disease by altering the immune system. Sulfasalazine, methotrexate, and hydroxychloroquine are a few examples. It could take a few weeks or months for these medications to reach full action. Depending on the particular DMARD, side effects can include lung issues, an increased risk of infections, and liver damage.Relaxants for the Muscles Medication known as muscle relaxants aid in reducing the stiffness and spasms of the muscles that are brought on by musculoskeletal disorders including fibromyalgia and back pain. They function by reducing muscular activity and promoting relaxation by acting on the central nervous system. Tizanidine, baclofen, and cyclobenzaprine are a few examples. Because these medications can cause drowsiness and dizziness, they are frequently recommended for brief periods of time.Opioids Strong painkillers called opioids are occasionally prescribed for severe musculoskeletal pain, such as in cancer patients or following surgery. By attaching themselves to opioid receptors in the brain and spinal cord, they lessen the experience of pain. Morphine, oxycodone, and hydrocodone are a few examples. Opioids are usually saved for cases when other therapies have failed due to their significant risk of addiction, tolerance, and overdose. These are only a handful of the numerous medications that are used to treat musculoskeletal disorders. To determine the best course of action that is both safe and successful for their particular disease, patients should collaborate closely with their healthcare providers.