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A class of medications called eugeroics, sometimes referred to as wakefulness-promoting substances, increases alertness and wakefulness.These drugs have drawn interest because they may be able to treat sleep-related conditions such obstructive sleep apnea, shift work sleep disorder, and narcolepsy. Two well-known instances of eugeroics that have been extensively researched and prescribed are modafinil and armodafinil. The original purpose of modafinil, the prototype eugeroic, was to treat narcolepsy, a neurological condition marked by uncontrollable episodes of excessive daytime sleepiness.Although its exact mode of action is unknown, it is thought to entail the regulation of neurotransmitters such as orexin, norepinephrine, and dopamine.Modafinil is the drug of choice for people who want to stay awake but don't want to experience the negative affects of other stimulants because it doesn't seem to cause jitters or a noticeable rise in heart rate like other stimulants do. Since the R-enantiomer of modafinil, armodafinil, acts longer, once day dosage is possible. It is believed that armodafinil and modafinil influence the same brain circuits, hence changing the circadian rhythm and encouraging waking during sleep deprivation. The precise neurochemical processes are intricate and entail different neurotransmitter systems in contact. These eugeroics are becoming more and more well-liked outside of their prescribed uses. These medications have proven appealing to people without sleep problems because of their alleged ability to improve cognitive function. According to certain research, eugeroics may enhance cognitive abilities like executive, memory, and attention. However, questions have been raised concerning possible negative consequences, long-term safety, and moral issues related to using these medications for purposes other than medicine. Since the use of eugeroics may offer a cognitive performance advantage, especially in competitive or academic situations, it raises ethical concerns about fairness. In addition, the risk of abuse and dependence emphasizes how crucial it is to use these drugs sensibly and responsibly. Eugeroics, in summary, are an intriguing class of medications that may help with sleep-related issues and improve wakefulness. While addressing concerns about safety and ethical use, ongoing research aims to further understand their mechanisms of action and investigate their broader cognitive impacts.