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Embryotoxicants are a broad category of chemical chemicals that include medications, toxins from the environment, and natural substances. These substances can be exposed in a variety of ways, including by ingestion, inhalation, and skin contact. It's crucial to remember that the fetus is most susceptible in the first trimester of pregnancy when essential organs are developing. There are known embryotoxicants among some pharmaceuticals. For instance, the 1950s morning sickness medication thalidomide severely malformed infants' limbs. When used during pregnancy, retinoids, a class of substances linked to vitamin A, can cause craniofacial and cardiovascular abnormalities. In addition, the environment has a big impact on embryotoxicity. Children who are exposed to heavy metals like lead and mercury may experience delays in their cognitive development. Developmental delays and behavioral problems have been related to prenatal exposure to pesticides like organophosphates. The use of natural chemicals can be dangerous. Some plants, such as jimsonweed, generate alkaloids that are harmful to developing embryos. Several fish, which contain high levels of mercury, should not be eaten raw or undercooked during pregnancy. Animal testing and epidemiological research are frequently used to identify embryotoxicants. To evaluate the impact of possible embryotoxic substances on fetal development, scientists employ animal models. Analyzing data from human populations, epidemiological studies look for links between bad outcomes and exposure during pregnancy. In order to reduce the hazards of embryotoxicants, prevention is essential. When feasible, pregnant people should stay away from recognized embryotoxic substances. Healthcare professionals are essential in advising prospective parents about pregnancy dangers and safe behaviors. In conclusion, compounds that can harm developing embryos or fetuses and cause birth abnormalities and other health problems are known as embryotoxicants. The wellbeing of unborn infants depends on recognizing and avoiding these dangerous substances, underscoring the need of study, education, and prevention in this area.