Get Enquiry

Antitussive Agents

Category Details :

Medication used to suppress or ease coughing is known as an antitussive agent. Although coughing is a reflex activity that helps remove irritants from the airways, it can be uncomfortable and bothersome if it persists or gets severe. Antitussives block the cough center in the brain or numb the receptors in the respiratory tract in order to inhibit the cough reflex. Dextromethorphan is a typical antitussive agent (DM). Although it shares structural similarities with opioids, the synthetic molecule DM does not have the same analgesic (pain-relieving) or addictive qualities. Cough reflex suppression occurs centrally in the brain. Many over-the-counter cough syrups and cold remedies contain DM. Although most people tolerate it well, there is a chance of experiencing gastrointestinal distress, fatigue, and vertigo. Another antitussive that can become habit-forming is codeine, which is derived from opioids. It functions by inhibiting the brainstem's cough reflex. Drugs that include codeine are frequently strictly regulated and may need a prescription because of the possibility of abuse and addiction. Furthermore, especially at larger doses, codeine might result in constipation, respiratory depression, and drowsiness. Antitussives that are expectorants, like guaifenesin, are another class of drugs. Expectorants facilitate coughing and facilitate the clearing of respiratory passageways by thinning and releasing mucus in the airways. Expectorants have the potential to reduce cough frequency and increase cough productivity without directly inhibiting the cough reflex. Cough syrups and cold remedies frequently contain guaifenesin, frequently in conjunction with other substances. Avoiding irritants like smoke and strong fumes, staying hydrated, and using humidifiers to add moisture to the air are examples of non-pharmacological antitussive techniques. By taking these steps, you can lessen the need to cough and soothe your airways. To sum up, antitussive medications are helpful in controlling cough symptoms. Various treatments are available based on the type and intensity of cough, ranging from expectorants like guaifenesin to centrally acting drugs like dextromethorphan. It is critical to take these drugs as prescribed and to be mindful of any possible adverse effects, particularly in the case of opioids like codeine. It's always advisable to see a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and treatment of coughs that are severe or chronic.