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Antipsychotics Drugs

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Neuroleptics, another name for antipsychotic drugs, are a class of pharmaceuticals that are mostly used to treat mental illnesses like schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and some forms of depression. These drugs function by changing the brain's neurotransmitter levels, especially those of dopamine and serotonin, which are important for mood, behavior, and thought processes. This is a summary of antipsychotic medications, including their uses, classifications, and possible adverse effects. Antipsychotic Types: Common Antipsychotic Drugs: These were the original class of antipsychotic medications. Fluphenazine, chlorpromazine, and haloperidol are a few examples. Their main effect on the brain is to inhibit dopamine receptors. Differential Antipsychotics: medications from the second generation that work via a different method. Risperidone, aripiprazole, olanzapine, and quetiapine are a few examples. Apart from dopamine receptors, they also target serotonin receptors. Applications: Psychosis: Antipsychotics are the mainstay of schizophrenia treatment. They lessen delusions, hallucinations, and disordered thought patterns. Manic Depressive Disorder: used to reduce impulsivity and agitation during manic episodes. utilized as part of maintenance therapy to stop depressive episodes in the future. Depression (occasionally): especially when psychotic symptoms coexist with depression. Not recommended as a first-line therapy for depression in the absence of psychosis. Additional Requirements: Antipsychotics may be used to treat Tourette's syndrome, extreme anxiety, and irritability associated with autism. Adverse Reactions: EPS, or extrapyramidal symptoms: common when using standard antipsychotics. include signs such as stiffness, tremors, and uncontrollable movements. Impacts on Metabolism: Olanzapine is one of the atypical antipsychotics that frequently causes weight gain. elevated risk of high lipid levels and diabetes. sedative: Numerous antipsychotics make you drowsy, which interferes with regular duties. Overproduction of prolactin: elevated prolactin levels, which can cause irregular menstruation, breast growth in both sexes, and problems with sexual function. Effects on the Heart: Certain antipsychotics may alter cardiac rhythm by lengthening the QT interval. In summary, antipsychotic medications are essential for treating serious mental illnesses because they provide respite from incapacitating symptoms. However, because of the possible adverse effects, its use needs to be closely monitored. To identify the most efficient and bearable course of therapy, patients and healthcare professionals should collaborate closely.