Get Enquiry


Category Details :

Major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and other disorders are the main conditions treated by the antidepressant pharmaceutical class. They function by modifying the chemical equilibrium in the brain, specifically affecting neurotransmitters like as dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine. They do have some negative effects and should be taken into mind, even if they work well for many people.One of the antidepressant prescription kinds that is most frequently given is for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, or SSRIs. These include drugs like escitalopram (Lexapro), sertraline (Zoloft), and fluoxetine (Prozac). Serotonin levels in the brain are raised by SSRIs, which can elevate mood. Compared to previous antidepressants, they have a comparatively benign side effect profile, which makes them frequently preferred. Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), which include duloxetine (Cymbalta) and venlafaxine (Effexor), are another class of antidepressants. These drugs provide an alternative for people who don't react well to SSRIs by raising serotonin and norepinephrine levels. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are older class of antidepressants with a wider variety of neurotransmitter actions, including as amitriptyline and nortriptyline. Even while they work well, they frequently have additional negative effects like dry mouth, constipation, and blurred eyesight. They are usually not the first choice because of their adverse effect profile, although they are occasionally employed in cases where other treatments have failed. An other older type of antidepressants are called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs). Among them are tranylcypromine (Parnate) and phenelzine (Nardil). Although dietary limitations and the possibility of significant prescription interactions, notably with some over-the-counter cold and flu treatments, accompany MAOI use, the drugs are effective. MAOIs are typically only used in cases when all other therapies have failed because of these hazards. It's critical for antidepressant users to collaborate closely with their physician. It might take some time and frequently require trial and error to determine the proper drug and dosage. It's also important to taper off antidepressants under physician supervision because discontinuing them suddenly can cause withdrawal symptoms. Antidepressants are only one component of treatment, even though they can be very helpful in controlling the symptoms of depression and other mood disorders. In addition to therapy, lifestyle modifications, and social support, comprehensive mental health care must include these other crucial elements.