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Antihelmintics are drugs used to treat infections brought on by helminths, which are parasitic worms. The liver, lungs, intestines, and other tissues are among the body parts that these worms can infect. Anthelmintics function by either killing or paralyzing the worms so that the body can eliminate them on its own. Albendazole is one of the most widely used anthelmintics since it works well against a variety of parasitic worms. It functions by preventing the worms from absorbing glucose, which finally causes them to perish. Taenia solium, a pork tapeworm, is the source of illnesses such as neurocysticercosis, for which albendazole is especially effective. Mebendazole and Thiabendazole are two examples of benzimidazoles, a significant class of anthelmintics. Mebendazole is frequently used to treat hookworm, whipworm, pinworm, and roundworm diseases. It functions by interfering with the worms' ability to absorb glucose, which causes them to run out of energy and eventually perish. Mebendazole's safety profile makes it a popular choice for pediatric deworming programs. One important anthelmintic that is only used to treat illnesses brought on by tapeworms and flukes is praziquantel. It is very efficient against the Schistosoma species that cause millions of people in tropical and subtropical areas to contract schistosomiasis. Praziquantel paralyzes worms by inducing severe muscle spasms that eventually force them to expel from the body. Another crucial anthelmintic is ivermectin, which is used to treat a variety of parasitic illnesses, such as lymphatic filariasis and river blindness (onchocerciasis). It functions by attaching itself to particular receptors in the nerve and muscle cells of the worm, paralyzing and killing the parasite. In veterinary medicine, ivermectin is also used to treat parasites in livestock. An older anthelmintic that is still in use is levamisole, especially in veterinary care. By causing spastic paralysis and the worm's ejection from the host, it acts by activating the neurological system of the worm. Levamisole works well against hookworms and roundworms. Anthelmintics are essential for maintaining public health, particularly in areas where parasite infections are common. But it's crucial to remember that getting a good diagnosis is necessary before beginning anthelmintic treatment because different drugs work against different kinds of parasites. Furthermore, following treatment, maintaining good hygiene and sanitation practices is essential to avoiding reinfection.