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Acute bronchitis, sometimes referred to as tracheobronchitis, is a common respiratory illness marked by inflammation of the bronchial tubes and trachea. Although bacterial infections and allergens can also cause this illness, viral infections are the main cause of it. Along with other respiratory symptoms, a persistent cough that produces mucus is the main sign of tracheobronchitis. Viral infections are the most common cause of tracheobronchitis, especially those caused by the influenza or parainfluenza viruses. These viruses cause inflammation by attacking the respiratory tract's lining. The classic sign of inflammation is a cough, which is frequently productive—that is, it produces mucus. Mucus production rises as a result of the body's reaction to the illness, aggravating the cough and irritating the airways. Tracheobronchitis can also be caused by bacterial infections, however they occur less frequently than viruses. The respiratory system can become infected with bacteria like Bordetella pertussis, which causes whooping cough, or Mycoplasma pneumoniae, which causes inflammation and a persistent cough. Antibiotic therapy may be necessary in certain situations to treat bacterial infections and reduce symptoms. In addition to infections, irritants including air pollution, chemical fumes, and tobacco smoke can cause tracheobronchitis. Chronic bronchitis is a more persistent version of the illness that can result from prolonged exposure to these irritants. Typical tracheobronchitis symptoms include: The most noticeable symptom, coughing up mucus frequently. A dry cough may begin and develop into a productive cough. Inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and trachea is the cause of a sore throat. Breathlessness: Especially after strenuous activity, when inflammation narrows the airways. Mild fever: Associated with viral illnesses in particular. Fatigue: Feeling exhausted and lethargic might be a result of the body combating an infection. Chest discomfort: People who have inflammation in their airways may feel constricted or uneasy in their chests. The goal of tracheobronchitis treatment is usually to reduce symptoms. This include getting plenty of rest, drinking plenty of water, and taking over-the-counter drugs to lower temperature and relieve cough symptoms. Expectorants can assist thin and loosen mucus, while cough suppressants may be used for chronic coughs. It is only after a bacterial infection is determined that antibiotics are taken. To stop the airways from becoming even more irritated, it's imperative to abstain from smoking and exposure to irritants. With the right care, most instances of acute bronchitis clear up in a few weeks, but those with severe or enduring symptoms ought to consult a doctor.