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The definition of rheumatism, which was formerly used to refer to a wide variety of musculoskeletal disorders, has changed over time. According to current medical knowledge, it's frequently connected to rheumatic diseases, which are a collection of illnesses marked by pain, inflammation, and stiffness in the muscles, joints, or other connective tissues. People of various ages can be affected by these chronic, disabling diseases. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a type of rheumatic disease that is quite common. It is an autoimmune disorder in which the body's own tissues, especially the joints, are mistakenly attacked by the immune system. This results in pain, edema, and inflammation that frequently affects joints on both sides of the body symmetrically. If left untreated, RA can lead to joint abnormalities, damage, and disability over time. Osteoarthritis (OA) is another well-known rheumatic disorder that is more closely associated with joint wear and tear than an inflammatory reaction. The degeneration of the cartilage that cushions the ends of bones causes osteoarthritis (OA), which is characterized by pain, stiffness, and decreased mobility. Although it can also occur in people with joint abnormalities or after joint traumas, elderly adults are the ones who experience it the most. Another rheumatic condition that causes widespread musculoskeletal pain, exhaustion, sleep difficulties, and mood swings is fibromyalgia. While fibromyalgia may not result in joint damage or inflammation like arthritis does, its persistent pain and other symptoms can be just as incapacitating. An autoimmune condition called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can damage the kidneys, heart, joints, skin, and skin. Lupus is frequently accompanied by joint discomfort, inflammation, and a rash that resembles a butterfly on the face. The severity of this illness can vary widely; some people may only have minor symptoms, while others may have potentially fatal complications. Rheumatoid arthritis is frequently treated using a multidisciplinary team. medications that assist control symptoms and reduce the progression of the disease include biologics, DMARDs, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs). Maintaining overall health and joint function also requires physical therapy, exercise, and lifestyle changes. Even though rheumatic diseases can be difficult to manage, many patients' outcomes have significantly improved as a result of advances in medical knowledge and treatments. For patients afflicted by these illnesses, early diagnosis, efficient management techniques, and continuing research remain encouraging.