Get Enquiry

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Application Details :

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) is the most common kind of lung cancer, accounting for over 85% of cases. Unlike Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC), NSCLC grows and spreads slowly. This group includes three major subtypes: adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and giant cell carcinoma. Adenocarcinoma is the most common subtype of NSCLC, accounting for about half of all cases. It usually begins in the outer areas of the lungs and is frequently connected with nonsmokers or former light smokers. Adenocarcinoma can spread to lymph nodes and other organs. Squamous cell carcinoma develops in flat cells that lining the airways of the lungs. It is frequently associated with a history of smoking and appears in the center region of the lungs, near the bronchi. Symptoms of squamous cell carcinoma may include coughing, chest pain, and breathing difficulty. Large cell carcinoma is a less common variety that can develop in any area of the lung. It tends to develop and spread quickly, so early detection is critical. Large cell carcinoma is frequently diagnosed in an advanced stage. NSCLC is diagnosed using a variety of procedures, including imaging examinations such as CT scans, PET scans, and biopsies. Once diagnosed, the stage of the cancer is established, which influences the treatment strategy. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are all common therapeutic options. Treatment options are determined by the cancer stage, subtype, and the patient's overall health. The prognosis for NSCLC varies greatly depending on these factors. Early-stage NSCLC may be curable with surgery, however advanced-stage cases are typically more difficult to treat. Research and clinical studies are being underway to discover more effective medicines and improve outcomes for people with NSCLC. Cigarette smoking is the major cause of lung cancer, hence quitting is a preventive measure. Furthermore, early detection by lung cancer screening may assist high-risk individuals, such as current or past heavy smokers. To summarize, non-small cell lung cancer is a complex disease with various subtypes that require specific treatment methods.