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Laxatives are drugs or substances that are used to encourage bowel motions and relieve constipation or digestive irregularity. They are available in a variety of forms, such as pills, liquids, suppositories, and even natural therapies. These substances function by increasing the size of the stool, softening the stool, or encouraging bowel movements. Bulk-forming laxatives are frequently made from fiber and function by absorbing water, softening the stool and making it easier to pass. They are moderate and thought to be safe for long-term usage, encouraging regularity without establishing reliance. Common examples include psyllium husk and methylcellulose. Stool softeners are a form of laxative that works by pulling water into the stool, softening and making it easier to pass. They are beneficial for people who need to avoid straining during bowel movements, such as those recovering from surgery or suffering from certain medical disorders. Docusate sodium is a popular stool softener. Osmotic laxatives work by pulling water into the intestines, increasing the amount of water in the stool and softening it as a result. This makes passage easier and can be utilized for both short- and long-term treatment. This category includes substances such as magnesium hydroxide, lactulose, and polyethylene glycol. Stimulant laxatives function by activating the muscles in the intestines, which causes bowel motions to be more frequent. They are frequently used to relieve constipation in the short term but are not suggested for long-term use because to the risk of reliance and probable damage to the colon's natural ability to contract. Senna and bisacodyl are two examples. While laxatives can be helpful, they should be used with caution and under the supervision of a healthcare expert. Long-term or excessive usage of laxatives can result in dependency, electrolyte imbalances, dehydration, and digestive system damage. Furthermore, certain groups, such as pregnant women or those with particular medical issues, should use laxatives with extreme caution. Eating fiber-rich foods, staying hydrated, and exercising regularly can all help encourage regular bowel movements and lessen the need for laxatives. To support optimal digestive function and general well-being, it is critical to maintain a balanced and healthy lifestyle. Consulting a healthcare expert for advice on the right use of laxatives based on individual needs is critical for safe and successful constipation or irregularity management.