Get Enquiry


Application Details :

A medical disease called hypocalcemia is characterized by low blood calcium levels. Numerous biological processes, such as blood clotting, bone building, nerve communication, and muscle contraction, depend on calcium. Below-normal calcium levels can result in a variety of symptoms as well as possible problems. Causes: Hypocalcemia can be brought on by a number of things. One frequent reason is insufficient calcium intake through diet, which can happen to those who have restricted diets or poor nutrition. Impaired calcium absorption in the intestines is another factor, which is frequently observed in diseases like inflammatory bowel disease or following specific surgical procedures like gastric bypass. Disorders affecting the parathyroid glands, which control calcium levels, are among the other causes. Decreased calcium levels can result from hypoparathyroidism, a condition in which the parathyroid glands produce insufficient amounts of parathyroid hormone. Chronic renal disease is one type of kidney illness that can also affect the kidneys' capacity to activate vitamin D, which is necessary for the absorption of calcium. Symptoms: Depending on how severe the illness is, hypocalcemia can cause a variety of symptoms. In mild situations, there could not be any signs at all. But if calcium levels keep falling, people could suffer from Spasms and cramps in the muscles: Since calcium is necessary for muscle contraction, low calcium levels can cause uncontrollable muscle contractions, especially in the hands and feet. Numbness or tingling: Low calcium levels can impair nerve transmission, resulting in tingling or numbness, particularly in the mouth and limbs. Weakness and exhaustion: Since calcium is necessary for the metabolism of energy, low amounts might cause these symptoms. Memory loss or confusion: Because calcium is involved in brain function, severe hypocalcemia can cause cognitive symptoms including memory loss or confusion. Abnormal heart rhythms: The electrical conduction of the heart may be impacted by extremely low calcium levels, which may result in palpitations or irregular heartbeats. Treatment: Increasing calcium levels and addressing the underlying cause are the goals of treatment for hypocalcemia. Oral calcium supplements to boost consumption and vitamin D supplements to facilitate calcium absorption may be part of this. Calcium may be injected intravenously in more severe situations or in cases where symptoms are more prominent. Treating the underlying disease is also essential. People with hypoparathyroidism, for instance, might need hormone replacement treatment. Treatments for renal disease patients may be necessary in order to enhance vitamin D activation and kidney function. To make sure calcium levels stay within the normal range, regular monitoring is necessary. Individuals who suffer from long-term medical disorders that increase their risk of hypocalcemia may require ongoing care to avoid complications and preserve general health. It's critical that patients collaborate closely with medical professionals to create a treatment plan that is customized to meet their individual requirements.