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When the thyroid gland generates too much thyroid hormone, the disease is known as hyperthyroidism. Thyroxine (T4) is the name of this hormone, which is essential for controlling the body's metabolism. Overproduction of thyroxine can result in a variety of symptoms as well as possible health issues.Reasons: Graves' illness: Hyperthyroidism is most commonly caused by this autoimmune condition. When the thyroid gland is unintentionally attacked by the immune system, it produces more hormone than the body requires.Thyroid nodules are growths or lumps in the thyroid gland that have the ability to overproduce thyroid hormone. Overconsumption of iodine: Hyperthyroidism may result from iodine overconsumption via food or medicine.Thyroiditis: Temporarily elevated hormone levels can result from thyroid gland inflammation, which is frequently brought on by a viral infection.Overactive thyroid nodules: These are thyroid gland growths that are not malignant and secrete too much thyroid hormone. Signs: Weight loss: People with hyperthyroidism frequently experience weight loss despite having an increased appetite. Elevated heart rate: Individuals may feel their heart palpating or beating quickly. Anxiety and irritation: Feeling anxious and restless can be a result of an overabundance of thyroid hormone. Tremors: One common sign is shaking in the hands and fingers. Patients with heat intolerance may feel overheated and perspire more than normal. Fatigue: Ironically, patients may experience weakness and exhaustion despite having a higher metabolism. alterations in bowel habits: Hyperthyroidism may cause bowel movements to occur more frequently.Changes in menstruation: Women may notice lighter or more erratic periods.Particularly in the thighs and upper arms, there is muscle weakness. Skin and hair thinning: Skin may become thin and prone to bruises, while hair may become fine and brittle. Diagnose and Therapy: Blood testing: Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and thyroid hormones (T4 and T3) can be measured as part of thyroid function tests. Imaging tests: The thyroid gland can be seen using an ultrasound or a radioactive iodine uptake test. Treatment options include radioactive iodine therapy, which destroys thyroid cells, drugs like methimazole that limit hormone synthesis, or surgery known as a thyroidectomy, which removes all or part of the thyroid gland.Severe side effects from untreated hyperthyroidism include osteoporosis, cardiac issues, and in severe situations, a potentially fatal thyroid storm. As a result, it's critical that those exhibiting symptoms get medical help in order to receive an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment.