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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Hiv) Infection

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The virus known as HIV targets the body's immune system, particularly the CD4 cells (T cells), which aid the immune system in warding off diseases. HIV can cause AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) if treatment is not received. Comprehending HIV Infection The virus known as HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, damages the body's CD4 cells, which are essential for warding off infections, weakening the immune system. Blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk are among the biological fluids that are most commonly used to spread this virus. Sharing cutlery or shaking hands are not common ways for HIV to spread Transfer Unprotected sexual contact with an infected individual, sharing syringes or needles contaminated with HIV-infected blood, and mother-to-child transmission during childbirth or breastfeeding are the most prevalent ways that HIV is spread. Rarely, if the blood or organs are not tested for the virus, HIV may be transmitted through blood transfusions or organ transplants. Phases of Contamination HIV infection develops during a number of phases. Within two to four weeks of exposure, the acute stage sets in and is characterized by flu-like symptoms as fever, sore throat, rash, and swollen glands. The virus multiplies quickly at this point, and the body starts to mount an immunological defense.HIV reaches the clinical latency stage if medication is not received; during this time, the virus replicates more slowly but may not show any symptoms. With the right care, this stage can extend for several years. But HIV can advance to the last stage, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, if medication is not received (AIDS). AIDS symptoms The most severe form of HIV infection, known as AIDS, is characterized by a significantly compromised immune system. The body is susceptible to various malignancies and opportunistic infections at this point. Rapid weight loss, recurrent fever, severe exhaustion, enlarged lymph nodes, and extended diarrhea are some of the signs and symptoms of AIDS.Identification and Management Testing for the existence of HIV antibodies is a necessary step in the diagnosis process. Urine, blood, or oral swab tests can be used for this. Managing the illness and averting consequences require an early diagnosis. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) can effectively control the virus and prolong the healthy lives of individuals living with HIV, despite the fact that there is no known cure for the disease. By lowering the body's viral load, antiretroviral therapy (ART) protects the immune system. Following a prescribed treatment plan is crucial for HIV-positive patients in order to keep the virus from developing drug resistance.Avoidance The key to slowing the spread of HIV is prevention. This entails using condoms for safe sexual behavior, not sharing needles, and getting tested frequently, particularly if one is involved in high-risk activities. For those who are highly susceptible to contracting HIV, pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is an additional option. In summary HIV infection is still a major worldwide health concern, but its effects can be lessened with early detection, treatment accessibility, and preventative measures. In the battle against HIV, testing, education, and support for individuals living with the infection are essential.