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Female Genital Tract

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The female reproductive system, also known as the female genital tract, is an important and complicated system that performs a variety of tasks linked to reproduction, sexual health, and general well-being. It includes a variety of structures and organs, each having a special function in the reproduction process. The female genital tract, which begins with the external genitalia, consists of the vulva, which contains the labia majora and minora, the clitoris, and the vaginal opening. The labia minora are the smaller, more delicate folds inside the labia majora, which are the outer, more protective folds of skin. An extremely delicate organ necessary for sexual pleasure is the clitoris. The vaginal opening is the opening to the vaginal canal, which functions as both the birth canal during childbirth and a channel for menstrual blood. The vagina, a muscular tube that joins the external genitalia to the uterine cervix, is the next internal structure. The vagina is crucial to sexual activity and childbirth. Its mucous membrane lining can expand and compress to accommodate a range of activities, including sexual penetration and the passage of a baby during delivery. The cervix, a slender, cylindrical structure that divides the vagina from the uterus, is located above the vagina. The cervical canal, a tiny passageway inside the cervix, joins the vaginal canal and the uterine cavity. During sexual activity, sperm can pass via the cervical canal, which also acts as the point at which menstrual fluid leaves the body. A fertilised egg implants and develops inside the pear-shaped uterus, also known as the womb, throughout pregnancy. It has three layers: the outermost serosa, the muscular myometrium in the middle, and the endometrium, which is the inner lining. In response to hormonal changes, the endometrium goes through cyclical alterations that prime it for prospective embryo implantation. The endometrial lining sheds during menstruation in the absence of pregnancy.