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Enlarged Prostate

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The prostate gland, a walnut-sized structure found underneath the bladder, is important for male reproductive health because it produces seminal fluid. However, as men age, the prostate can change, resulting in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or an enlarged prostate. When the cells within the prostate gland multiply, the gland grows in size, resulting in an enlarged prostate. While the specific origin of BPH is unknown, hormonal changes associated with age, particularly an increase in dihydrotestosterone (DHT), are thought to have a role. As the gland grows in size, it can place pressure on the urethra, the tube that transports urine from the bladder, resulting in a variety of urinary symptoms. An enlarged prostate can cause a variety of symptoms, including: Urination: Men with BPH frequently have an increased desire to urinate, particularly at night (nocturia). Urge to urinate frequently affects sleep patterns and might cause weariness. Difficulty Starting urinating: An enlarged prostate can restrict urine flow, making it difficult to begin urinating. This can cause a weak or intermittent flow of pee. Incomplete Emptying: Some men may have discomfort or a sensation of remaining urine in the bladder after urinating because their bladder has not been entirely emptied. Urgency and Incontinence: Because of the pressure on the bladder, you may experience urgent or unexpected urges to urinate, which may result in urinary leaks. Urinary Tract Infections: In some circumstances, BPH might raise the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) due to insufficient bladder emptying. The degree of symptoms and their influence on everyday life determine treatment for an enlarged prostate. Mild symptoms may be relieved by making lifestyle adjustments such as limiting coffee and alcohol consumption, controlling hydration intake, and exercising pelvic floor exercises. Medication that regulates hormone levels or relaxes the muscles surrounding the prostate can also be administered. In more severe situations, minimally invasive techniques or surgery to reduce prostate enlargement or relieve urinary obstruction may be recommended. Regular check-ups and consultations with a healthcare practitioner are critical for monitoring symptoms and deciding the best course of action for controlling an enlarged prostate.