Get Enquiry

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder

Application Details :

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary illness (COPD) is a progressive lung illness characterized by restricted airflow, making breathing difficult. It includes a variety of disorders, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis, which are frequently caused by prolonged exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, or occupational hazards. Emphysema causes damage to the lungs' air sacs, diminishing their flexibility and making it more difficult for them to expand and contract effectively while breathing. Chronic bronchitis causes inflammation and irritation of the bronchial tubes, resulting in excessive mucus production and coughing. COPD symptoms include shortness of breath, chronic coughing, wheezing, and chest tightness. These symptoms intensify with time, particularly during physical activity or exposure to triggers. In the advanced stages, people may feel weariness, weight loss, and even respiratory failure. Lung function tests such as spirometry, which evaluate how much and how rapidly you can exhale, are commonly used in the diagnosis. Imaging studies such as chest X-rays or CT scans may also be used to evaluate lung damage and rule out other causes. Treatment is intended to reduce symptoms, delay disease progression, and enhance quality of life. Quitting smoking is the most important step in controlling COPD. Bronchodilators and inhaled steroids are medications that relax and decrease inflammation in the airways. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs provide exercise instruction, nutritional advice, and information to assist people better manage their illness. In severe situations, supplementary oxygen therapy may be required. In some cases, surgical procedures such as lung volume reduction surgery or lung transplantation may be explored. Lifestyle adjustments are critical for managing COPD. Avoiding smoke and air pollutants, practicing excellent hygiene to prevent respiratory infections, eating a balanced diet, and being physically active within individual limits are all critical. COPD is a progressive disease whose course differs from person to person. Early diagnosis and effective care are critical for slowing its progression and increasing quality of life. Regular medical check-ups, adherence to medication schedules, and living a healthy lifestyle are all essential for effectively controlling COPD.