Get Enquiry

Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenia

Application Details :

Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a condition that causes a low platelet count in the blood as a result of the immune system incorrectly targeting and destroying platelets. Platelets play an important role in blood coagulation, and a low platelet count can cause easy bruising, prolonged bleeding, and, in severe cases, life-threatening hemorrhages. The precise etiology of ITP is unknown, although it is thought to be an immunological reaction in which the body's antibodies target platelets, designating them for destruction by the spleen. While ITP is frequently idiopathic, it can be induced by viral infections, drugs, or other underlying disorders that cause the immune system to malfunction. ITP symptoms vary greatly and can range from minor to severe. Many people with ITP have easy bruising, especially on the arms and legs, as well as frequent nosebleeds and extended bleeding from minor incisions. Women with ITP may experience heavier menstrual cycles. Internal bleeding can develop in extreme situations, resulting in symptoms such as blood in the urine or stool or bleeding in the brain. A physical exam, blood tests to measure platelet count and function, and sometimes a bone marrow examination are used to rule out other potential reasons of low platelet count. Treatment for persistent ITP is determined on the severity of the symptoms. Mild instances may not require immediate treatment and may be properly watched. Treatments, on the other hand, aim to boost platelet count and prevent bleeding problems. Prednisone and other corticosteroids are routinely used to reduce the immune system's attack on platelets. To temporarily increase platelet counts, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) can be given. In circumstances where traditional treatments are ineffective, immunosuppressive medications such as rituximab or azathioprine, which try to modify the immune response, may be used. To decrease platelet destruction, surgery to remove the spleen (splenectomy) may be recommended in some cases. It is crucial to note, however, that while treatments can alleviate symptoms, they may not entirely cure ITP. Furthermore, they may have risks and side effects, therefore the strategy of managing ITP should be tailored to the individual's health and needs. Individuals with ITP must have regular check-ups and monitoring to regulate their platelet levels and avoid consequences from low platelets or therapies. Working collaboratively with healthcare providers is essential for building an adequate chronic ITP management plan.