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Chronic Bronchitis

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Chronic bronchitis is a kind of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that is defined by ongoing inflammation of the airways, particularly the bronchial tubes that transport air to and from the lungs. It is a dangerous and possibly debilitating respiratory disorder that primarily affects those who have a history of smoking or who have been exposed to lung irritants such as air pollution or industrial dust and chemicals over an extended period of time. Chronic bronchitis is distinguished by a persistent and productive cough that lasts at least three months each year for two consecutive years. This cough is frequently accompanied by increased mucus production, which can block the airways more and make breathing harder. Continuous irritation and inflammation of the airways can cause thickening and narrowing of the bronchial walls, decreasing the flow of air into and out of the lungs over time. Chronic bronchitis symptoms include wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and repeated respiratory infections. These symptoms can have a substantial influence on a person's quality of life, making ordinary tasks like walking, climbing stairs, or even dressing and bathing difficult. It's crucial to remember that chronic bronchitis is a progressive disease, which means it becomes worse over time if left untreated. Constant inflammation and damage to the airways can lead to diminished lung function, lower blood oxygen levels, and an increased risk of catastrophic complications such as pneumonia and heart difficulties. Chronic bronchitis management and treatment focuses on symptom relief, inflammation reduction, and lung function improvement. This frequently includes adjustments to one's lifestyle, such as stopping smoking and avoiding lung irritants, as well as the use of bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids to open up the airways and reduce inflammation. Oxygen treatment and pulmonary rehabilitation programs may be required in severe situations to help people breathe more comfortably and maintain a better quality of life. In conclusion, chronic bronchitis is a chronic respiratory disorder characterized by persistent inflammation of the airways, resulting in symptoms such as chronic cough, excessive mucus production, and difficulty breathing. It is most typically connected with smoking and long-term lung irritant exposure. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical for slowing disease progression and improving the well-being of people suffering from chronic bronchitis.