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Angiotensin Receptor Blockers

Application Details :

Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are a class of drugs used to treat cardiovascular problems, including hypertension (high blood pressure) and some renal ailments. They function by blocking angiotensin II receptors, which are part of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). This system is essential for maintaining blood pressure and fluid balance in the body. Angiotensin II is a hormone that stimulates blood vessels to constrict, causing blood pressure to rise. ARBs work by attaching to angiotensin II receptors and inhibiting the hormone from acting on blood arteries. ARBs stimulate blood arteries to relax and dilate by inhibiting these receptors, lowering blood pressure. This method of action distinguishes ARBs from ACE inhibitors, which also target the RAAS but work by blocking the enzyme responsible for angiotensin II production. ARBs' therapeutic effects go beyond blood pressure management. They can also help in heart failure, diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease caused by diabetes), and lowering the risk of stroke in patients with high blood pressure and an enlarged heart. Losartan, valsartan, irbesartan, candesartan, olmesartan, and telmisartan are some of the most commonly given ARBs. These drugs are available in a variety of formulations and dosages, allowing healthcare practitioners to tailor treatment to the specific needs of each patient. ARBs, like any medicine, can cause side effects, though they are generally well tolerated. Dizziness, weariness, headache, and an increased susceptibility to upper respiratory infections are common adverse effects. More significant side effects, such as hyperkalemia (elevated blood potassium levels) or kidney issues, can develop in rare situations. Patients should inform their healthcare practitioner about their medical history, particularly if they have renal illness, liver disease, or are pregnant, because ARBs are not indicated during pregnancy due to potential fetal injury. ARBs are typically given orally, with the dosage decided by the patient's condition and individual response to the medication. It is critical to take ARBs as directed and to have regular check-ups to monitor blood pressure and any potential adverse effects. In conclusion, angiotensin receptor blockers are valuable drugs in the treatment of hypertension and other cardiovascular problems because they relax blood vessels and lower blood pressure, resulting in better overall health outcomes for patients.