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Acute Bacterial Skin

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Acute bacterial skin infections cover a wide range of illnesses that are characterised by the sudden onset of tissue destruction and localised inflammation brought on by pathogenic bacteria. When the skin's natural barrier is damaged by things like wounds, abrasions, insect bites, or underlying medical disorders, these diseases frequently develop. The two most common bacterial causes of a variety of acute skin infections, including cellulitis, impetigo, and erysipelas, are Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes. The symptoms of cellulitis include redness, warmth, swelling, and discomfort in the affected location. They can spread quickly and have the potential to cause systemic symptoms including fever and malaise. Children are more frequently affected by impetigo, which has blisters filled with fluid and crusts that are honey-colored. Sharply defined, elevated, extremely red skin patches that are frequently accompanied by fever and chills are what make erysipelas stand out. To stop the spread of infection, damage to tissue, and associated complications including abscess development or septicemia, prompt diagnosis and adequate antibiotic therapy are crucial. Healthcare professionals must take into account regional patterns of antibiotic resistance when prescribing treatment because the threat of bacterial resistance to antibiotics is growing. Hospitalisation and intravenous antibiotics may be required in severe cases or when systemic symptoms are evident. Acute bacterial skin infections can be prevented by taking preventative steps like caring for wounds properly, practising excellent hygiene, and promptly treating underlying diseases.