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Acid Reflux

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The digestive tract is affected by acid reflux, generally referred to as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The oesophagus, the tube that connects the throat to the stomach, becomes irritated when stomach acid rises back up into it. The lower esophageal sphincter (LES), a muscular ring, often serves as a barrier to stop the stomach's acidic contents from entering the oesophagus. Uncomfortable symptoms are caused when the LES weakens or relaxes abnormally, allowing stomach acid and occasionally partially digested food to escape upward. Heartburn, a burning sensation in the chest or throat, the regurgitation of sour or bitter-tasting acid into the mouth, and the sense that food or drink is returning to the mouth are the most typical symptoms of acid reflux. Additionally, some people might have hoarseness, a persistent cough, or a sore throat, especially in the morning. The severity and frequency of these symptoms can vary, and they might get worse when you're lying down or right after a big meal. Acid reflux can arise from a number of different causes. These include habits like smoking, eating fatty, fried, or spicy food, eating a lot at once, lying down just after a meal, and eating a lot of food. Acid reflux can also be made more likely by obesity, pregnancy, and a few illnesses such a hiatal hernia. Additionally, some pharmaceuticals, including sedatives, calcium channel blockers, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), might relax the LES and aggravate acid reflux symptoms. To strengthen the LES or treat anatomical problems that cause acid reflux, surgery may occasionally be required. However, surgery is normally only used when other treatments, such as conservative measures and drugs, have failed to relieve the symptoms.If you frequently have acid reflux symptoms or discover that over-the-counter treatments are ineffective, it is imperative to see a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and individualised treatment plan. The quality of life can be considerably increased and the danger of consequences from acid reflux can be decreased by managing the disease.