Oropharyngeal candidiasis, often known as oral thrush, is a common fungal infection brought on by an overabundance of the Candida species, primarily Candida albicans, in the oral cavity. All ages can be affected by this disorder, although newborns, the elderly, and persons with compromised immune systems are more likely to develop it. Creamy white or yellowish patches on the tongue, inner cheeks, roof of the mouth, and throat are classic oral thrush symptoms. When scraped or stroked, these patches might occasionally bleed, causing discomfort and a cottony mouthfeel. People who have oral thrush may also lose their sense of taste and feel a little bit of burning. Oral thrush can occur as a result of numerous circumstances. These include smoking, having poor oral hygiene, having disorders that cause dry mouth, having a weakened immune system brought on by illnesses like HIV/AIDS or chemotherapy, using specific medications like antibiotics or corticosteroids, or using chemotherapy. An oral thrush diagnosis is often made by a visual inspection by a healthcare professional, although occasionally a sample may be collected for laboratory testing to confirm the presence of Candida. Antifungal drugs, such as lozenges or oral rinses, are frequently administered as part of treatment to get rid of the yeast infestation. Even if your symptoms become better, you should still finish the entire course of medication to avoid recurrence. Maintaining proper oral hygiene, routinely brushing and flossing the teeth, using an antimicrobial mouthwash, and avoiding the overuse of medications when unnecessary are all preventative methods for oral thrush. Working closely with their healthcare professionals will help people with immune system weakened illnesses manage their general health and lower their risk of oral thrush. In conclusion, oral thrush is a fungal infection that results in unpleasant symptoms when Candida overgrowth occurs in the mouth. People with compromised immune systems or particular risk factors are more likely to develop it. Maintaining proper dental hygiene is essential in preventing this illness from returning, and early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can effectively manage it.