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Gum Swelling

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Gum swelling, also known as gingival swelling, is a frequent oral health problem that can be caused by a number of circumstances. It is distinguished by the expansion or puffiness of the gum tissues around the teeth. While minor gum swelling may be a momentary reaction to irritation or damage, chronic or severe swelling may signal an underlying dental or health issue. Gum disease, particularly gingivitis and periodontitis, is a leading cause of gum swelling. Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease characterized by redness, irritation, and bleeding while brushing or flossing. If left untreated, gingivitis can advance to periodontitis, a more serious form of gum disease that can cause irreversible damage to the tooth's supporting components. Poor oral hygiene habits, such as insufficient brushing and flossing, can lead to plaque and tartar buildup along the gumline. These substances contain microorganisms that create toxins, creating an inflammatory response and swollen gums. Other causes that might cause gum swelling include hormonal changes, systemic disorders, and certain drugs. In some circumstances, trauma or injury to the gums can cause swelling. Accidental injuries, excessive teeth brushing, or using a toothbrush with harsh bristles can all harm the sensitive gum tissues, causing inflammation and swelling. Gum swelling necessitates a thorough approach to dental care. Maintaining proper oral hygiene habits, such as regular brushing, flossing, and professional dental cleanings, is critical for avoiding and controlling gum disease. Using a soft-bristled toothbrush and being careful during dental care routines can help protect the gums. If gum swelling persists or is accompanied by additional symptoms such as persistent bleeding, pain, or color changes in the gums, it is critical to seek immediate dental assistance. A dentist can diagnose the source of the swelling and propose appropriate therapy, which may include scaling and root planing, antibiotics, or other interventions depending on the severity of the condition. Early detection and action are critical to avoiding future issues and preserving good dental health.